Anti colonial writer and human rights activist Anton de Kom (1898-1945) was a son of a former slave from Surinam. In the 30's he lived in Surinam, a colony of the Netherlands. He protested
against it and was sent to jail. February 7, 1933, became 'Black Tuesday' when a large crowd gathered in Paramaribo to demand his release. Police opened fire and resulting in 30 wounded and 2
deaths. De Kom was sent back to the Netherlands, and wrote the historical novel "We Slaves Of Surinam", and during World War II he became a resistance fighter. He was captured and died of
tuberculosis in a German camp in 1945. He was rewarded posthumus with the Dutch Cross of Resistance. In Surinam he is seen as a hero.
Anton de Kom statue (2006) by Jikke van Loon, is located on Anton de Kom Square in Amsterdam South-East (Bijlmer).